Setting up an NFS server and connecting to it

This is a simple guide to installing an NFS server on CentOS. The guide should work fine for other operating systems; also, change the yum commands for apt or the equivalent for your distribution. There may be some slight package name variations.


First of all, let’s make a directory to share with the NFS server:
NOTE: Do not create an NFS share in a /home directory unless you know what you are doing; this will cause permissions and possible security issues

mkdir /srv/nfsshare1

Install the NFS server:

yum install nfs-utils

Now the server is installed, you need to update your permissions on the shared directory:

chmod -R 755 /srv/nfsshare1
chown nfsnobody:nfsnobody /srv/nfsshare1

Enable and start the required services for the NFS server:

systemctl enable rpcbind
systemctl enable nfs-server
systemctl enable nfs-lock
systemctl enable nfs-idmap
systemctl start rpcbind
systemctl start nfs-server
systemctl start nfs-lock
systemctl start nfs-idmap

Now we need to create an export file, which is used to tell the NFS server what to share. Let’s create a file named /etc/exports and enter the following into it:


NOTE: Replace with the IP of your server; this one was just made up for the guide

Restart the NFS server:

systemctl restart nfs-server

You will need to enable ports 111 TCP and 2049 TCP+UDP in your iptabes/firewall.


We need to install the nfs-utils package:

yum install nfs-utils

Let’s make a target directory/mount point:

mkdir /mnt/nfs1

Now to connect to the NFS server and mount the shared directory:

 mount -t nfs /mnt/nfs1/

When you run ‘df -kh’ you will see the NFS directory mounted on your client.

You can add this as a permanent mount using the /etc/fstab file and adding the following line to the end of that file:    /mnt/nfs1   nfs defaults 0 0